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Why is broomrape called broomrape?

Why is broomrape called broomrape?

The short version of the story is that “broomrape” is the partially translated 16th-century name of a genus of plants, Genista: European plants called brooms. Likewise, rapum is the partially translated Latin for a cluster of tuberlike roots.

What family is figwort in?

Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family of flowering plants, one of 26 in the order Lamiales, containing about 65 genera and 1,700 species with worldwide distribution.

What kind of plant parasites are there?

5 Awesome Parasitic Plants

  • Corpse flower. monster flower.
  • Thurber’s stemsucker. On the opposite end of the size spectrum is the minute Pilostyles thurberi, or Thurber’s stemsucker.
  • Dodder. parasitic dodder.
  • Dwarf mistletoe. dwarf mistletoe.
  • Australian Christmas tree. Australian Christmas tree.

What is the broomrape family?


What is scrophularia Scorodonia?

Scrophularia scorodonia is a species of flowering plant belonging to the family Scrophulariaceae. Its native range is Azores, Southwestern Europe, Morocco.

Which herb belongs to the Scrophulariaceae family?

kurroa commonly known as kutki and belonging to the family Scrophulariaceae, is a herb native to the Himalayan regions of India, Pakistan, and Nepal.

Is Cactus a parasitic plant?

The stem of the cactus carries out the process of photosynthesis making it an independent plant. Thus, it is not a parasitic plant as it produces organic nutrients by itself through photosynthesis and does not depend on other plants to obtain nutrients.

Where is broomrape from?

Orobanche, commonly known as broomrape, is a genus of over 200 species of small parasitic herbaceous plants, mostly native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere. It is the type genus of the broomrape family Orobanchaceae.

Is Loranthus parasitic?

Loranthus is a genus of parasitic plants that grow on the branches of woody trees. It belongs to the family Loranthaceae, the showy mistletoe family. In most earlier systematic treatments it contains all mistletoe species with bisexual flowers, though some species have reversed to unisexual flowers.

How many species of plants are in the Orobanchaceae?

Orobanchaceae, the broomrapes, is a family of mostly parasitic plants of the order Lamiales, with about 90 genera and more than 2000 species. Many of these genera (e.g., Pedicularis, Rhinanthus, Striga) were formerly included in the family Scrophulariaceae sensu lato.

Is the Scrophulariaceae a monophyletic or parasitic family?

More recently Scrophulariaceae has been “disintegrated” (Olmstead et al. 2001, Bremer et al. 2002, Oxelman et al. 2005). Although some former scrophs have found homes in other families, all analyses agree that the parasitic members are included in a monophyletic Orobanchaceae.

Why was the haustoria important to the Orobanchaceae?

Development of the haustoria was a significant evolutionary event that allowed for the advancement of parasitic plants. The holoparasitic clade, Orobanche, delineates the first transition from hemiparasitism to holoparasitism within Orobanchaceae.

How are the leaves of a Scrophularia plant arranged?

Plants in the Scrophulariaceae annual, biennial, or perennial herbs or shrubs. The leaves of our species are alternate or opposite, simple, and have entire or toothed margins. The flowers are solitary or arranged in branched or unbranched inflorescences.