What nationality was Smetana and Dvorak?
What nationality was Smetana and Dvorak?
Although they were citizens of the same empire as the Germans and Austrians, Dvořák and Smetana came to be seen as Czech nationalists.
What composers influenced Antonin Dvorak?
The varied works of this period show that his earlier leanings toward the music of Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert were becoming increasingly tinged with the influence of Richard Wagner and Franz Liszt. Among the students Dvořák tutored throughout the 1860s were the sisters Josefina and Anna Čermáková.
Who did Dvorak marry?
Anna Čermákovám. 1873–1904
Dvořák played viola with the Bohemian Provisional Theater Orchestra in the 1860s until he left to orchestra in 1871 to dedicate more time to composition. In 1873, he married Anna Čermákova, and they had nine children.
What is Smetana known for?
Beyond Czech-speaking countries Smetana is best known for his cycle of six orchestral tone poems, Má vlast (‘My Country’), especially ‘Vltava’, his depiction of the river that flows through Prague. In the Czech Republic, he is widely regarded as the father of Czech musical nationalism.
When did Smetana become deaf?
Smetana went deaf in the early 1870s, his late 40s, around the time of the composition of his opera, “The Two Widows”. His deafness was the result of syphilitic infection. He composed his greatest work, the orchestral cycle Ma Vlast (Read Wikipedia | Play recording) while being stone deaf.
What famous classical composer from Europe was influenced by spirituals Why is this so important?
He was brought over by a wealthy patron of the arts to set up a music conservatory, the forerunner of today’s Juilliard School. And the fact that Dvořák was influenced by the spirituals and songs that he heard from one of his most important pupils, Harry T. Burleigh, is not in doubt.
Which composer was Dvořák patron and introduced him to a German publisher?
The prize was awarded to Dvořák in that year and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46.
When was Antonín Leopold Dvořák born?
September 8, 1841
Antonín Dvořák/Date of birth
Antonín Dvořák, in full Antonín Leopold Dvořák (born September 8, 1841, Nelahozeves, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic]—died May 1, 1904, Prague), first Bohemian composer to achieve worldwide recognition, noted for turning folk material into the language of 19th-century Romantic music.
How many children did Antonin parents have?
During the first three years of their marriage they had three children – Otakar, Josefa and Ruzena – but all of them died in infancy.
Who influenced Smetana?
He early took up piano under a professional teacher and performed in public at the age of six. He continued his studies and later became music teacher to the family of Leopold, Count von Thun. Encouraged by Franz Liszt he opened a piano school in Prague in 1848 and the next year married the pianist Kateřina Kolářová.
Who is more important Bedrich Smetana or Dvorak?
However, relatively few of Smetana’s works are in the international repertory, and most foreign commentators tend to regard Antonín Dvořák as a more significant Czech composer.
How did the Czech composer Bedrich Smetana die?
Bedřich Smetana died on 12th May 1884 in a mental asylum. In Czech history, only Antonin Dvorak would challenge his position as the most influential musician of the country, even so, he would be remembered as the musical father of the nation, for he was the first musician to ascribe his music to Czech Nationalism.
How did Smetana support himself as a composer?
Smetana support his financial needs by teaching music at the noble Thun household, and also by teaching many private students and by performing in chamber concerts. He was also seen as a national revolutionary at the time, for he wrote music in support of Czech nationalism during 1848.
What kind of operas did Bedrich Smetana write?
He wrote five of his nine operas and a number of instrumental pieces, including an autobiographical string quartets (performed, in a private debut, by a group that included Antonin Dvorak himself). Ultimately, Smetana’s illnesses caught up with him.