What is meant by Tamil Eelam?
What is meant by Tamil Eelam?
Tamil Eelam is the name referring to the territory of Sri Lanka that the Tamil sovereignty movement regards as the national land of the Tamil people. The name literally means “Tamil Sri Lanka”, taking an ancient Tamil name (Eelam) to refer to the whole island (the present Tamil name for it is Ilankai).
Who asked for a state called Tamil Eelam?
Tamil Tigers, byname of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), guerrilla organization that sought to establish an independent Tamil state, Eelam, in northern and eastern Sri Lanka. The LTTE was established in 1976 by Velupillai Prabhakaran as the successor to an organization he had formed earlier in the 1970s.
What was Tamil Eelam in Sri Lanka?
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) were a militant separatist group fighting for an independent homeland for Hindu Tamils in Northeastern Sri Lanka. The LTTE was founded in the early 1970s by Velupillai Prabhakaran, who led the group until his death by Sri Lankan armed forces in May 2009.
How is LTTE formed?
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam/Founded
What does Eelam stand for Class 10?
|Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam|
|Also known as||Tamil Tigers|
|Leader||Velupillai Prabhakaran †|
|Dates of operation||5 May 1976 – 18 May 2009|
|Motives||Creation of an independent state of Tamil Eelam in the north and east of Sri Lanka.|
Why Prabhakaran was killed?
Prabhakaran, who had said, “I would prefer to die in honour rather than being caught alive by the enemy”, was killed in fighting with the Sri Lankan Army in May 2009….
|Cause of death||Killed in action on 18 May 2009|
|Other names||Karikalan / Thalaivar Prabhakaran , Anna|
Is LTTE still active?
Inactive. Militarily defeated in May 2009. 18,000, as of 2004, excluding divisions. US$200–300 million prior to the military defeat.
What is the full form LTTE?
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers, are a separatist group in Sri Lanka. In May 2009, the Sri Lankan government declared the twenty-six year long conflict had ended.
What is the status of Tamils in Sri Lanka?
Today, they constitute a majority in the Northern Province, live in significant numbers in the Eastern Province and are in the minority throughout the rest of the country. 70% of Sri Lankan Tamils in Sri Lanka live in the Northern and Eastern provinces.
How did LTTE fall?
After the breakdown of the peace process in 2006, the Sri Lankan military launched a major offensive against the Tigers, defeating the LTTE militarily and bringing the entire country under its control.
Does LTTE still exist?
Firstly, the Sri Lankan Government has taken strict military measures to prevent any kind of regrouping of the LTTE. It continues with the Emergency laws and Prevention of Terrorism Act. However, the LTTE sympathizers are still there in foreign countries. They have formed a Trans-National Government of Tamil Eelam.
What was Tamil Eelam short answer?
Tamil Eelam (Tamil: தமிழீழம் tamiḻ īḻam, generally rendered outside Tamil-speaking areas as தமிழ் ஈழம்) is a proposed independent state that many Tamils in Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora aspire to create in the north and east of Sri Lanka.
Where did the name Eelam come from in Tamil?
Eelam ( Tamil: ஈழம், īḻam, also spelled Eezham, Ilam or Izham in English) is the native Tamil name for the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka. Eelam is also a name for the spurge (a plant), toddy (an intoxicant) and gold. The exact etymology and the original meaning of the word are not clearly known,…
What does Eelam stand for in Sri Lanka?
Since the 1980s the words Eelam and Eelavar have been taken up by the Sri Lankan Tamil resistance movement. In this usage, Eelam refers to Tamil Eelam, an area covering what has been reconstructed by historians as the former Jaffna Kingdom. Eelavar now refers to the future citizens of Tamil Eelam.
What do Eelam and Ilankai mean in Tamil?
The term Eelam is a synonym for Sri Lanka and has been in use in Tamil literature right from the Cankam Period dating as far back as 200 B.C. to circa 250 A.D. Pattinapalai, a long poem of the Cankam period on Karikala the Chola king, refers to the various imports piled up at the Pukar harbour.
What is the Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam?
The Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam (TGTE) is formed by unification of the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora which aims to create Tamil Eelam, a state which TGTE aspire to create in the north and east provinces of Sri Lanka.