What is a Megaureter?

What is a Megaureter?

Megaureters are larger-than-normal ureters. Ureters are the tubes in which urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder. Most times the condition is found in pre-natal imaging or during an exam for a urinary tract infection. Megaureter can be treated with antibiotics and in some cases, minimally invasive surgery.

What is primary Megaureter?

A congenital (primary) megaureter encompasses causes of an enlarged ureter which are intrinsic to the ureter, rather than as a result of a more distal abnormality; e.g. bladder, urethra (see secondary megaureter).

What is a obstructive Megaureter?

Introduction. Primary obstructive megaureter (POM) is one of the most commonly reported malformations of the urinary system in children. The term ‘Megaureter’ was introduced by Caulk in 1923 to describe a severe dilation of the distal ureter affecting a 32-year-old female.

How is bilateral hydronephrosis treated?

Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. A kidney stone can pass through by itself or might be severe enough to require removal with surgery.

Is megaureter congenital?

Megaureter is a medical anomaly whereby the ureter is abnormally dilated. Congenital megaureter is an uncommon condition which is more common in males, may be bilateral, and is often associated with other congenital anomalies.

What diagnostic method most accurately helps to determine the kidney function in congenital Megaureter?

This painless imaging test is often done to check how the kidney, ureters, and bladder look. Ultrasound is very good at finding widened ureters. In fact, while sonography rarely picks up normal ureters because of their narrowed size, it makes excellent images of dilated ones.

What is the cause of bilateral hydronephrosis?

Bilateral hydronephrosis occurs when urine is unable to drain from the kidney into the bladder. Hydronephrosis is not itself a disease. It occurs as a result of a problem that prevents urine from draining out of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.

What causes hydronephrosis in both kidneys?

Hydronephrosis is swelling of one or both kidneys. Kidney swelling happens when urine can’t drain from a kidney and builds up in the kidney as a result. This can occur from a blockage in the tubes that drain urine from the kidneys (ureters) or from an anatomical defect that doesn’t allow urine to drain properly.

Does ureter stone cause pain?

The most common symptom of a kidney or ureter stone is pain. You might feel pain in your lower abdomen or your flank, which is the area of your back just under your ribs. The pain can be mild and dull, or it can be excruciating. The pain may also come and go and radiate to other areas.

What is bilateral hydronephrosis of the kidney?

Can a kidney blockage be caused by a megaureter?

Because megaureters can cause severe infection or blocks that lead to kidney damage, this health issue can be serious. Urinary tract stretching may suggest a blockage, but that’s not always the case. In some cases, a dilated ureter may not affect the kidney at all.

Is the ureter dilated in a Congenital megaureter?

In obstructive primary megaureter the ureter tapers to a short segment of normal caliber or narrowed distal ureter, usually just above the vesicoureteric junction (VUJ). The distal ureter above this narrowed segment is most dilated (similar to achalasia). There is associated hydronephrosis, and active peristaltic waves can be seen on ultrasound.

What are the symptoms of bilateral renal cysts?

Headache, fatigue, frequent urination, blood in urine, abdominal pain, pain in the flank or kidney pain are some of the symptoms of bilateral renal cysts. Kidney stones may also cause renal cysts. PKD passes from one generation to the other. More than 90% of the people get this disease from their parents.

Can a cyst in the kidney cause fluid collection?

Fluid collection in the kidneys are renal cysts. Bilateral renal cysts are cysts in both the kidneys. This HealthHearty article has information on its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. People who have crossed their 50s are susceptible to renal cysts.