Questions and answers

What are three characteristics of alkali metals?

What are three characteristics of alkali metals?


  • Found in column 1A of the periodic table.
  • Have one electron in their outermost layer of electrons.
  • Easily ionized.
  • Silvery, soft, and not dense.
  • Low melting points.
  • Incredibly reactive.

What are 3 elements that are in the alkaline earth metal family?

The members of the alkaline earth metals include: beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba) and radium (Ra). As with all families, these elements share traits.

What are 3 qualities of metals?

Properties of metals

  • high melting points.
  • good conductors of electricity.
  • good conductors of heat.
  • high density.
  • malleable.
  • ductile.

What are the two characteristics of an alkali metal?

The alkali metals are all shiny, soft, highly reactive metals at standard temperature and pressure and readily lose their outermost electron to form cations with charge +1.

What are the differences of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals?

The key difference between alkali metals and alkaline earth metals is that all alkali metals have an electron in their outermost shell whereas all the alkaline earth metals have two outer electrons. The elements in these two groups are the most reactive metals in the periodic table.

What are some of the typical characteristics of transition metals?

The transition metals have the following physical properties in common:

  • they are good conductors of heat and electricity.
  • they can be hammered or bent into shape easily.
  • they have high melting points (but mercury is a liquid at room temperature)
  • they are usually hard and tough.
  • they have high densities.

What are 3 characteristics of non metals?


  • may be solid, liquid or gas at room temperature.
  • has lower melting point than metals.
  • has lower boiling point than metals.
  • non-lustrous – dull, not shiny.
  • poor conductors of heat.
  • poor conductors of electricity.
  • brittle – break when stretched.
  • low tensile strength – easily broken.

Which among the elements is an alkali metal?

Group 1A (or IA) of the periodic table are the alkali metals: hydrogen (H), lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), cesium (Cs), and francium (Fr).

What is a characteristic of an alkali?

The alkali metals are a group of chemical elements from the s-block of the periodic table with similar properties: they appear silvery and can be cut with a plastic knife. Alkali metals are highly reactive at standard temperature and pressure and readily lose their outermost electron to form cations with charge +1.

Why do all alkali metals have similar characteristics?

Atoms of group 1 elements all have one electron in their outer shell. This means that the alkali metals all have similar chemical properties .

What are the characteristics of alkaline metals?

Group 1 metals are alkali metals. Common characteristics are that they are all silvery in color, they’re all soft, and each will have a shiny surface when cut. Oxidation will occur with each of them and they’ll become dull. Alkali metals include lithium, sodium, rubidium, potassium, francium, and francium.

What are some interesting facts about alkali metals?

Interesting Facts About Alkali Metals. Chemical elements that are found in Group 1 of the periodic table were called “Alkali metals”. This includes Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Cesium , Rubidium , and Francium. Hydrogen, even though included in the Group 1 is not an Alkali metal.

What are some examples of alkali metals?

Alkali Metals: Lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium , cesium and francium are examples of alkali methods. Alkaline Earth Metals: Beryllium , magnesium, calcium, strontium , barium and radium are examples of alkaline earth metals.

What are the uses of alkaline metals?

Alkali metals are widely used in various fields. Some of their more common uses are as follows: Lithium (glass/ceramic production, electrical batteries, electronics, lubricating greases, pyrotechnics, optics, nuclear industry and medicine production).