Questions and answers

Is gastric Heterotopia cancerous?

Is gastric Heterotopia cancerous?

Heterotopic gastric mucosa is considered to be a benign disease, and cancer rarely occurs within it.

What causes ectopic gastric mucosa?

The pathogenesis of ectopic gastric mucosa is a matter of debate between a congenital – embryological – and an acquired origin – consecutive to a gastroesophageal reflux (GER) like Barrett’s esophagus -, the most commonly accepted theory being that these areas are embryological remnants.

What is jejunal polyp?

It usually appears as an inlet patch in the upper esophagus (the most common form of HGM), as nodular masses in the duodenum, as part of the mucosa in the Meckel’s diverticulum, or as polypoid lesions in the other parts of the small intestine (as in our case).

What is a gastric mucosa?

The inner surface of the stomach is lined by a mucous membrane known as the gastric mucosa. The mucosa is always covered by a layer of thick mucus that is secreted by tall columnar epithelial cells.

How is gastric Heterotopia treated?

Conclusion: Patients with gastric heterotopia in rectum usually present with bleeding and/or abdominal pain. Definite treatment of choice is surgical or endoscopic resection, although the lesions also respond to histamine-2 receptor blockers.

What is an ectopic gastric mucosa?

Ectopic gastric mucosa in the esophagus is considered to be the residue of columnar epithelium of the embryonic esophagus. Replacement of columnar epithelium by stratified squamous epithelium begins in the mid esophagus and extends proximally and distally.

How do you treat gastric mucosa?


  1. Antibiotic medications to kill H. pylori.
  2. Medications that block acid production and promote healing. Proton pump inhibitors reduce acid by blocking the action of the parts of cells that produce acid.
  3. Medications to reduce acid production.
  4. Antacids that neutralize stomach acid.

Where is gastric mucosa located?

How is the diagnosis of heterotopic gastric mucosa made?

Symptoms caused by gastric heterotopia depend on location, as well as size of the heterotopic tissue In the majority of cases, patients are asymptomatic due to the small size of the lesion and diagnosis is made incidentally on endoscopy performed for other indications

Which is Meckel diverticulum is Heterotopic gastric mucosa?

Gastric fundic heterotopia represents a developmental anomaly and is frequently associated with Meckel diverticulum Histologically composed of foveolar epithelium with specialized antral glands with or without oxyntic mucosa

Where is the gastric mucosa located in the body?

Can be found in oral cavity, esophagus, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, rectum, anal canal, gallbladder and bile duct Error in the differentiation of pluripotent primitive endoderm stem cells could lead to the gastric mucosa being present anywhere throughout the gastrointestinal tract