Why did the British settle in Calcutta?

Why did the British settle in Calcutta?

Calcutta was established in the year 1686 as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. On August 24, 1686, Job Charnock, who was believed to be the founder of Calcutta first came to the village of Sutanuti as a representative of the British East India Company to establish a factory.

What is the old name of Calcutta?

The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location of its original settlement on the bank of a canal (khal).

What was the British name of Kolkata?

Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. But the British called it Calcutta.

Is Kolkata a safe city?

KOLKATA: Kolkata has gained the top spot in the list of the country’s safest cities for the year 2020, with the lowest rate of cognizable offences recorded, according to the just-released 2020 National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) crime report.

Is Kolkata a slum?

The slums of Kolkata can be divided into three groups: the older ones, up to 150 years’ old, in the heart of the city, are associated with early urbanization. In 2001, 1.5 million people, or one third of Kolkata’s population, lived in 2011 registered and 3500 unregistered slums.

When did the British leave Calcutta?

Till 1912, Calcutta was the capital of India, when the British moved the capital city to Delhi. In 1947, when India gained freedom and the country got partitioned between India and Pakistan, Calcutta was included in the Indian part of Bengal, West Bengal. Calcutta became the capital city of the state of West Bengal.

Who invented Kolkata?

Job Charnock
The history of Kolkata as a British settlement, known to the British as Calcutta, dates from the establishment of a trading post there by Job Charnock, an agent of the English East India Company, in 1690.

Who named Kolkata?

The rent-roll of Akbar, the 16th century Mughal emperor, and the work of a Bengali poet, Bipradas Pipilai, of the late 15th century, both make mention of the city’s early name’s being Kolikata, from which Kolkata/Calcutta derive.

Who built Kolkata airport?

“Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose (Kolkata) International Airport is one of the five busiest in India.” In November 2008, an airport modernisation and renovation contract was awarded by Airports Authority of India (AAI) to Italian-Thai Development (ITD) Corporation and Sikka Associates.

Is Kalikata a presidency?

Kolkata is not a presidency.

What is the population of Kolkata in India?

Since the Kolkata metropolitan area incorporates parts of districts like North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, and Nadia, there are two more municipal corporations as well other than KMC. Last year it has been estimated that Kolkata had a population of around 4.6 million, which makes it the 7th most populous city in India.

When did Kolkata change its name to Kolkata?

In 2001 the government of West Bengal officially changed the name of the city to Kolkata. Area city, 40 square miles (104 square km); urban agglom., 533 square miles (1,380 square km). Pop.

Which is the largest religion in Kolkata India?

Kolkata has a single Chinatown with a population of 2,000 ethnic Chinese people, down from 20,000. Hinduism represents the largest religion at 78%, followed by Islam (20%), Christianity (0.9%) and Jain (0.5%). At least one-third of the population lives in 5,500 unregistered and registered slums.

What’s the most important thing to know about Kolkata?

Yet for all of Kolkata’s vitality, many of the city’s residents live in some of the worst conditions, far removed from the cultural milieu. The city’s energy nevertheless penetrates even to the poorest areas, as a large number of Kolkatans sincerely support the efforts of those who minister to the underprivileged.