What is the Sachs Hornbostel system based on?

What is the Sachs Hornbostel system based on?

The Hornbostel-Sachs system is based on how an instrument vibrates to produce sound. Even though the system has been criticized and revised over the years, it is the most widely accepted system of musical instrument classification used by organologists and ethnomusicologists.

What is the Hornbostel-Sachs of Chordophone?

The Hornbostel-Sachs system of musical instrument classification defines chordophones as all instruments in which sound is primarily produced by the vibration of a string or strings that are stretched between fixed points.

What Hornbostel-Sachs is comb?

In the form of a comb (122) The lamellae are tied to a board or cut out from a board like the teeth of a comb.

What is the Hornbostel-Sachs classification of Aerophones?

Under the Hornbostel-Sachs classification system, aerophones are broken down into free aerophones and non-free aerophones. Free aerophones are instruments where the vibrating air is not confined to the inside of the instrument itself (eg. accordions and pitch pipes).

Who created the Hornbostel-Sachs system?

Erich Moritz von Hornbostel
Hornbostel-Sachs instrument classification system was created by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs.

What kind of Hornbostel-Sachs is guitar?


Instrument Tradition Hornbostel–Sachs classification
guitar 321.322
guitar, Portuguese Portugal 321.322
Hardingfele Hardanger fiddle Norway 321.322-71
mandola European 321.322

How many Hornbostel-Sachs are there?

In the Hornbostel–Sachs classification, idiophones are first categorized according to the method used to play the instrument. The result is four main categories: struck idiophones (11), plucked idiophones (12), friction idiophones (13), and blown idiophones (14).

Why do we need to know the Hornbostel-Sachs of an instruments?

Although his system was limited to the serious instruments of Western music, he used the four groups of strings, winds, drums and other percussion. By expanding on Mahillon’s system, Hornbostel-Sachs made it possible to classify any instrument from any culture.

What is Hornbostel-Sachs classification of instruments?

The H-S system divides all musical instruments into five categories: idiophones, membranophones, chordophones, aerophones, and electrophones.

Who is Hornbostel-Sachs and when was this system first published?

2.3 The germination of Hornbostel-Sachs The scheme was first published in German in 1914 with the title of the scheme given as Systematik der Musikinstrumente (Hornbostel and Sachs 1914).

What is Hornbostel-Sachs system and its classification?

Hornbostel-Sachs instrument classification system was created by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs. Instruments are classified using 5 different categories depending on the manner in which the instrument creates the sound: Idiophones, Membranophones, Chordophones, Aerophones, & Electrophones.

Why do we need to know Hornbostel-Sachs?

What did Curt Sachs and Erich von Hornbostel do?

This scheme was later taken up by Erich von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs who published an extensive new scheme for classication in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie in 1914. Their scheme is widely used today, and is most often known as the Hornbostel-Sachs system (or the Sachs-Hornbostel system).

How is Hornbostel-Sachs used in instrument classification?

The position of Hornbostel-Sachs in the history and development of instrument classification is explored. This is followed by a detailed analysis of the mechanics of the scheme, including its decimal notation, the influential broad categories of the scheme, its warrant, and its typographical layout.

When was the Hornbostel Sachs first published in German?

First published in German in 1914, Hornbostel-Sachs has seen modifications and changes throughout its history, but the scheme remains part of contemporary musical instrument discourse and practice.

Which is the direct parent of Mahillon’s scheme?

So, Mahillon’s scheme is the direct parent of Hornbostel-Sachs, and both these schemes are reactions to the prevalent trends in instrument categorisation which had developed up until the late nineteenth century [1].