# What is the relationship between drag coefficient and lift coefficient?

## What is the relationship between drag coefficient and lift coefficient?

The lift to drag ratio (L/D) is the amount of lift generated by a wing or airfoil compared to its drag. The lift/drag ratio is used to express the relation between lift and drag and is determined by dividing the lift coefficient by the drag coefficient, CL/CD.

### Does lift and drag of an airfoil depend on angle of attack?

Explanation: The lift and drag of an airfoil depend not only on the angle of attack but also on the shape of the airfoil. The lift coefficient and drag coefficient depend on the shape of the airfoil and will alter with changes in the angle of attack and other wing appurtenance.

#### How does pressure coefficient change with angle of attack?

It is found that larger the attack angle, greater is the difference of pressure coefficient between the lower and upper surface. The coefficient of pressure difference is much larger on the front edge than the rear edge, thus indicates that the lift force of the airfoil is mainly generated from the front edge.

What is the best lift to drag ratio?

This is especially of interest in the design and operation of high performance sailplanes, which can have glide ratios almost 60 to 1 (60 units of distance forward for each unit of descent) in the best cases, but with 30:1 being considered good performance for general recreational use.

Why does drag coefficient increase with lift coefficient?

At low angles, the drag is nearly constant. The effect is called induced drag or drag due to lift. The flow around the wing tips of a finite wing create an “induced” angle of attack on the wing near the tips. As the angle increases, the lift coefficient increases and this changes the amount of the induced drag.

## Why does lift coefficient increase with angle of attack?

As the angle of attack of a fixed-wing aircraft increases, separation of the airflow from the upper surface of the wing becomes more pronounced, leading to a reduction in the rate of increase of the lift coefficient. The lift curve is also influenced by the wing shape, including its airfoil section and wing planform.

### How does the angle of attack affect lift and drag?

An increase in angle of attack results in an increase in both lift and induced drag, up to a point. Too high an angle of attack (usually around 17 degrees) and the airflow across the upper surface of the aerofoil becomes detached, resulting in a loss of lift, otherwise known as a Stall.

#### How is lift affected by angle of attack?

The Angle of Attack for an Airfoil The Newton’s 3rd law reaction force upward on the wing provides the lift. Increasing the angle of attack can increase the lift, but it also increases drag so that you have to provide more thrust with the aircraft engines.

What is design lift coefficient?

The lift coefficient is a number that aerodynamicists use to model all of the complex dependencies of shape, inclination, and some flow conditions on lift. The lift coefficient then expresses the ratio of the lift force to the force produced by the dynamic pressure times the area.

What determines the coefficient of lift?

The Lift Coefficient. The lift coefficient is a number that aerodynamicists use to model all of the complex dependencies of shape, inclination, and some flow conditions on lift. The lift coefficient Cl is equal to the lift L divided by the quantity: density r times half the velocity V squared times the wing area A.

## How is the coefficient of lift and drag calculated?

The coefficient of Lift and drag is calculated for this NACA 4412 series for the angle of attack 0° to 12°. The coefficient of Lift/Drag ratio increases with increase in Angle of attack up to 8°. After 8°, Lift/Drag ratio decreases with increase in Angle of attack.

### What was the flow analysis of NACA 4412?

2D analysis of NACA 4412 aerofoil was done by Kevadiya et al.[7]. Mentar [8] presented two-equation eddy-viscosity turbulence models for engineering applications. Mashud et al. [9] showed the effect of spoiler position on aerodynamics characteristic of an aerofoil.

#### Which is more efficient NACA 6409 or NACA 4412?

Finally, by comparing different properties i.e drag and lift coefficients, pressure distribution over the aerofoils, it was found that NACA 4412 aerofoil is more efficient for practical applications than NACA 6409 aerofoil. Keywords:NACA, Drag Lift, CFD, ANSYS FLUENT, SolidWorks.