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What is the difference between dualistic and relativistic thinking?

What is the difference between dualistic and relativistic thinking?

Perry noted that over the course of students’ college years, cognition tended to shift from dualism (absolute, black and white, right and wrong type of thinking) to multiplicity (recognizing that some problems are solvable and some answers are not yet known) to relativism (understanding the importance of the specific …

What is William Perry’s theory?

William Perry’s scheme is based on a life time of studying cognitive and ethical development in undergraduate students. He proposes that college students (but others, too) “journey” through four major stages of intellectual and moral development: from dualism, to multiplicity, to relativism, to commitment.

What is a dualistic thinker?

Dualistic thinking assumes a universe where there are only two contrasting, mutually exclusive choices or realities. This thinking is either/or, bad/good, negative/positive and has a powerful effect on our belief system and actions.

Who is William Perry cognitive development?

William Perry (1913 – 1998) was a psychologist and researcher at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. For 15 years in the 50’s and 60’s, he studied the intellectual development of students as they made their way through four or more years of undergraduate education.

What are Perry’s stages?

The four states are dualism, multiplicity, relativism, and lastly commitment. These four stages are then further divided into nine positions. Perry’s theory is especially useful because he details not only specific stages but how people arrive and change to get to each stage.

Who is Perry in psychology?

Perry
William Perry (1913 – 1998) was a psychologist and researcher at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. For 15 years in the 50’s and 60’s, he studied the intellectual development of students as they made their way through four or more years of undergraduate education.

What are the stages of cognitive development according to Piaget?

Piaget’s four stages of intellectual (or cognitive) development are:

  • Sensorimotor. Birth through ages 18-24 months.
  • Preoperational. Toddlerhood (18-24 months) through early childhood (age 7)
  • Concrete operational. Ages 7 to 11.
  • Formal operational. Adolescence through adulthood.

What are examples of dualistic thinking?

Examples of epistemological dualism are being and thought, subject and object, and sense datum and thing; examples of metaphysical dualism are God and the world, matter and spirit, body and mind, and good and evil.

How does dualistic thinking look at the world?

Dualistic thinking is a way of looking at the world that operates with two polarities that are normally seen as complete opposites. On top of the distinction between the opposites, there is a value judgment applied.

What does dualistic approach to cognitive development mean?

And the dualistic approach says the following, that students tend to look at the world as a place for absolutes, such as right or wrong, true or false, really with no gray area. There are answers out there to be memorized and regurgitated.

How is property dualism different from predicate dualism?

Whereas predicate dualism says that there are two essentially different kinds of predicates in our language, property dualism says that there are two essentially different kinds of property out in the world.

What is the difference between dualism and monism?

Dualism contrasts with monism, which is the theory that there is only one fundamental kind, category of thing or principle; and, rather less commonly, with pluralism, which is the view that there are many kinds or categories.