Miscellaneous

What is second wind phenomenon in McArdle disease?

What is second wind phenomenon in McArdle disease?

Abstract. Patients with McArdle’s disease (McA) typically show the “second-wind” phenomenon, a sudden decrease in heart rate (HR) and an improved exercise tolerance occurring after a few minutes of exercise.

Which enzyme is defective in McArdle disease?

McArdle disease is an inherited disease. It results from changes (mutations) in the gene for the enzyme muscle phosphorylase. Your muscle cells can’t make this enzyme. So they can’t break down glycogen into glucose.

Why is there no lactic acidosis in McArdle disease?

It is generally assumed that patients with McArdle disease do not produce lactate during exercise. Because glycogen breakdown is completely blocked whereas oxidation of extramuscular glucose supplies is preserved, these patients provide an opportunity to selectively study glucose metabolism.

How is McArdle syndrome diagnosed?

How is McArdle’s disease diagnosed? Diagnosis begins with a blood test to check whether a muscle enzyme, creatine kinase (CK), is at high levels. This indicates muscle damage. In the past, muscle biopsy – the removal of a small amount of muscle tissue for examination – was the primary way of diagnosing this condition.

What does the saying get a second wind mean?

the return of ease in breathing after exhaustion caused by continued physical exertion, as in running. the energy for a renewed effort to continue an undertaking.

What is second wind in physiology?

The term ‘Second Wind’ is used to describe the phenomena of magically gaining significant energy and strength during distance running at a stage when the runner feels out of breath or that he or she appears to reach a fatigued state and the feeling of not being able to continue.

Is McArdle disease a metabolic disease?

McArdle disease, also known as glycogen storage disorder type V, is an inborn metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency or complete absence of an enzyme called glycogen phosphorylase (or myophosphorylase). This disease is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern and mainly affects skeletal muscles.

What is the primary pathological characteristic of McArdle disease?

McArdle disease, also known as glycogen storage disease type V (GSDV), is characterized by exercise intolerance, the second wind phenomenon, and high serum creatine kinase activity.

What causes second wind phenomenon?

Some scientists believe the second wind to be a result of the body finding the proper balance of oxygen to counteract the buildup of lactic acid in the muscles. Others claim second winds are due to endorphin production. Heavy breathing during exercise is also to provide cooling for the body.

How common is McArdle disease?

McArdle disease is one of the most common glycogen storage disorders. Although the exact prevalence is not known, it has been estimated to be 1 in 100,000 patients in the United States. More than 100 mutations in PYGM have been associated with this disorder.

Where does the phrase second wind come from?

The term second wind was first used in the 1830s, to mean a renewed sense of vigor when one has become tired from physical exertion.

How do you prevent second wind?

Hydrate Most people do not drink enough water, and any other fluids do not count. Avoid coffee or energy drinks as these use drugs to race the heart which is like whipping a tired horse. They, as well excito-toxins like sugar, fried starches, junk foods make the body work harder to try to get rid of it.