What is paving stone retinal degeneration?

What is paving stone retinal degeneration?

Paving-stone degeneration. A, Paving-stone degeneration appears as areas of depigmentation (arrows) in the periphery of the retina near the ora serrata. B, Histologically, paving-stone degeneration consists of atrophy of the outer retinal layers and adhesion of the remaining inner retinal elements to Bruch membrane.

What is cobblestone degeneration of retina?

Pavingstone (cobblestone) degeneration is a peripheral retinal degeneration characterized by multiple rounded, punched-out areas of chorioretinal atrophy with prominent underlying choroidal vessels and pigmented borders (▶ Fig. 44.1).

What is Cobblestoning in the eyes?

VKC symptoms include inflammation of the outer membrane of the eye. This causes the eyes to become red and may cause blurred vision. The eyes become sensitive to light and itch intensely. Usually both eyes are affected, and cobblestone-like changes appear in the upper eyelid linings (palpebral conjunctiva).

What causes pavingstone degeneration?

Also known as Pavingstone Degeneration, it involves chorioretinal atrophy secondary to occlusion of a single lobule of choriocapillaris. This results in focal RPE and photoreceptor death, whereas the inner retina remains intact due to it’s blood supply from the unaffected central retinal artery.

Can retinal degeneration be cured?

There’s no cure, but treatment for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) may slow the disease and keep you from having a severe loss of vision.

What causes lattice degeneration of the retina?

What Causes Lattice Degeneration? The exact cause of lattice degeneration has yet to be determined, but in a number of cases, the condition is linked to low blood flow or problems with inadequate blood flow to the eyes. It is generally genetic in nature and more likely to occur in people who are myopic (nearsighted).

What is lattice degeneration of retina?

Lattice degeneration is a common peripheral retinal degeneration that is characterized by localized retinal thinning, overlying vitreous liquefaction, and marginal vitreoretinal adhesion. The condition is associated with atrophic retinal holes, retinal tears, and retinal detachments.

How serious is a hole in the retina?

Retinal holes and tears do not automatically cause severe vision problems; instead, the areas of the retina that have holes and tears will not function correctly. If the condition is not well managed or treated in due time, then significant vision loss or even blindness can occur.

Do eye injections hurt?

Do intraocular injections hurt? Typically intraocular injections don’t hurt. The most common sensation is a slight burning sensation that is related to the antiseptic used to clean the surface of the eye.

Can you live with lattice degeneration?

The prognosis for lattice degeneration in itself is good. The vast majority of patients will have lesions that are completely stable or slowly progressive. Patients who develop retinal tears, detachments, and subsequent vitreoretinal traction should be treated as those conditions arise.