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What is Heitler London theory?

What is Heitler London theory?

In VB theory, derived from the original work by Heitler and London (1927), the formation of a covalent bond between two atoms is possible if the atoms have, in their valence shell, orbitals containing unpaired electrons: the pairing to a singlet coupled state of two electrons with opposite spin yields the formation of …

What does valence bond theory explain?

Valence Bond theory describes covalent bond formation as well as the electronic structure of molecules. The theory assumes that electrons occupy atomic orbitals of individual atoms within a molecule, and that the electrons of one atom are attracted to the nucleus of another atom.

Who applied the valence bond theory to the hydrogen molecule?

Linus Pauling used the pair bonding ideas of Lewis together with Heitler–London theory to develop two key concepts in VB theory: resonance and orbital hybridization.

Who gave VBT?

In the valence bond (VB) theory, proposed in large part by the American scientists Linus Pauling and John C. Slater, bonding is accounted for in terms of hybridized orbitals of the… The basis of VB theory is the Lewis concept of the electron-pair bond.

What is bond order of li2?

It has a bond order of 1, an internuclear separation of 267. One estimate. The electronic configuration of Li 2 molecule is given as:. 5 And so, it has, hypothetically, half of a sigma bond.

What are the salient features of VBT?

(1) Coordination compounds consist of complex ions, in which ligand coordinates with the metal. (2) The ligand coordinates by donating a pair of electrons to the metal. (3) An adequate number of empty orbitals are made available by the metal atom or ion for the formation of coordinate bonds with suitable ligands.

What are the main postulates of valence bond theory?

The overlapping of two half-filled valence orbitals of two dissimilar atoms effects in the development of the covalent bond. This gives the property of stability to the atom. In case the atomic orbitals own more than one unpaired electron, more than one bond can be made.

How does valence bond theory account for bonding in a hydrogen molecule?

The basic idea of the Heitler-London model for the hydrogen molecule can be extended to chemical bonds between any two atoms. According to valence-bond theory, unpaired orbitals in the valence shells of two adjoining atoms can combine to form a chemical bond if they overlap significantly and are symmetry compatible.

Why did the valence bond theory fail?

The valence bond theory fails to explain the tetravalency of carbon and also fails to provide insight into the energies corresponding to the electrons. The theory also assumes that the electrons are localized in certain areas.

What are the main points of VBT?

What is the valence bond theory? It is a theory which describes chemical bonding. VBT states that the overlap of incompletely filled atomic orbitals leads to the formation of a chemical bond between two atoms. The unpaired electrons are shared and a hybrid orbital is formed.

Why did VBT fail?

The theory given by Lewis explained the structure of molecules. However, it failed to explain the chemical bond formation. It also failed to explain the geometry of complex molecules. Hence, scientists had to introduce the theory of valence bonds to answer and overcome these limitations.