Miscellaneous

Is VZV the same as varicella?

Is VZV the same as varicella?

Herpes zoster, also known as shingles, is caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), the same virus that causes varicella (chickenpox). Primary infection with VZV causes varicella. Once the illness resolves, the virus remains latent in the dorsal root ganglia.

What is varicella AB?

Varicella-Zoster Virus Antibody (IgG) – Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) causes chicken pox and when reactivated, potentially decades later, causes shingles. Twenty percent of adults will develop shingles, a rash or blister of the skin that may cause severe pain.

What is VZV IgG AB?

VZV IgG testing is useful for the determination of an individual’s immune status and/or to aid in the diagnosis of varicella zoster infection. A positive VZV IgG result indicates the presence of antibodies to varicella zoster virus.

What is VZV AB immune status?

The presence of detectable IgG-class antibodies indicates prior exposure to the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) through infection or immunization. Individuals testing positive are considered immune to varicella-zoster.

What does VZV cause?

Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It can cause an itchy, blister-like rash. The rash first appears on the chest, back, and face, and then spreads over the entire body, causing between 250 and 500 itchy blisters.

What type of virus is VZV?

Varicella (chickenpox) is an acute infectious disease. It is caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV), which is a DNA virus that is a member of the herpesvirus group. After the primary infection, VZV stays in the body (in the sensory nerve ganglia) as a latent infection. Primary infection with VZV causes varicella.

How is varicella diagnosed?

The most sensitive method for confirming a diagnosis of varicella is the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect VZV in skin lesions (vesicles, scabs, maculopapular lesions). Vesicular lesions or scabs, if present, are the best for sampling.

What is VZV blood test?

Varicella zoster virus tests detect either antibodies produced by the immune system in response to a VZV infection or detect the virus itself. Tests for chickenpox and shingles may be performed to detect and diagnose a current or past infection with VZV.

What does varicella IgG positive mean?

A positive IgG ELISA result indicates that a person has antibodies to VZV either from past varicella disease or vaccination. This test cannot distinguish whether the antibodies were from a past episode of varicella or vaccination.