Questions and answers

How do you use et alia?

How do you use et alia?

“Et al.” is a scholarly abbreviation of the Latin phrase et alia, which means “and others.” It is commonly used when you don’t want to name all the people or things in a list, and works in roughly the same way as “etc.” “The reorganization plan was designed by Alfred E.

How do you use et alia in a sentence?

Or did they merely reveal a hip that was already there, but that Singer, et alia litigiously denied had been accidentally obliterated?

What is the Latin phrase et al mean?

and others
One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler.

How do you use et al example?

“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al….Using et al. in MLA style.

Number of authors In-text citation example Works cited example
3+ authors (McDonnell et al.) McDonnell, Frederick, et al. …

How do you use et al in MLA?

The format to write et al. is always the same: et al. Use lowercase letters with no punctuation after et and a period after al….How to format et al. in MLA style

  1. Use the first writer’s last name.
  2. Follow the first writer’s name with a comma.
  3. Follow the comma with et al.

How do you address et al?

The expression et al., which is always followed by a period, stands for “and others.” So the greetings above would mean: Dear John and others, Hello, Kimia and others. Sorry, Doug.

How do you read et al?

“et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would say “et cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.

Do you put a period after et al?

Because et al. is short for et alii (Latin for “and others”), the second word is actually an abbreviation and as such takes a period.

How do you read et al in research?

Using Et Al. in an in-text citation are as follows: for three to five authors of a single text, include them all the first time you cite the source in your paper. After that, you need only use the first author’s last name followed by et al.

Do I say et al in a presentation?

If you are referring to a work written by multiple authors, always mention both authors if there are only two. If there are more than two, mention the first author and refer to the others as “and associates” or “and colleagues” or “and co-writers”. You can refer to them as “et al.” in subsequent mentions if you wish.

What does et aliae mean?

Et al. is an abbreviation for et alia (neuter plural). But it can also be an abbreviation for et alii (masculine plural), or et aliae (feminine plural). This phrase means “and others. ” Most commonly, et al.

What’s the difference between etc. and et al?

Typically, etc. refers to things and et al. to people but I don’t think that’s the key distinction. Etc. means “others of the same sort”. Et al. means “other from the same group” or “others forming some group”.

What does et alii mean in Latin?

et al. n. abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alii meaning “and others.”. This is commonly used in shortening the name of a case, as in “Pat Murgatroyd v. Sally Sherman, et al.”.

How do I punctuate et al?

Punctuation of Et Al. Because et al. is an abbreviation, it should be written with a period at the end. The period must be included in formal academic usage, but in popular media it’s sometimes left out. The period rule also applies in cases when et al. is used in the middle of a sentence.