Questions and answers

How did the Aboriginal Protection Act affect aboriginals?

How did the Aboriginal Protection Act affect aboriginals?

The Act had a disastrous impact on Aboriginal families and culture. The 1997 Bringing Them Home Report found that children removed from their families were disadvantaged in the following ways: They were more likely to come to the attention of the police as they grew into adolescence.

Who wrote Aborigines Protection Act?

John Murray
This Act addressed some of the problems created in Victoria by colonial policies and laws in affecting Aboriginal people. It was initiated in 1909 by John Murray, a grazier from the Western District who had been very critical of the inhumane measures implemented by the Board for the Protection of Aborigines.

What was the aim of the protection policy?

Protectors were appointed, mostly by executive order, in New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia at about this time; they were supposed to protect Aborigines from abuses and to provide the remnant populations around towns with some rations, blankets and medicine.

Did the Aboriginal really need protecting?

By the mid 1800s, the violence, disease and dispossession resulting from colonisation had dramatically reduced the Indigenous population. For those who remained, survival often came at the expense of culture, family, land, language and independence, demanded in exchange for ‘protection’.

What was the protection policy in Australia?

In the name of ‘protection’, Indigenous Australians were made wards of the state and subjected to policies that gave government the power to determine where Indigenous people could live, who they could marry, and where they could work.

What key legislation affects Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders?

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984(link is external) (ATSIHP Act) can protect areas and objects that are of particular significance to Aboriginal people.

When was the Aboriginal Protection Board abolished?

Under a new Superintendent of Aboriginal Welfare, the NSW Aborigines Welfare Board continued to exercise unparalleled control over Aboriginal lives until it was abolished in 1969.

What is the role of the Aboriginal Protection Board?

The Aborigines Protection Board was established to manage reserves and the welfare of the estimated 9000 Aboriginal people living in New South Wales in the 1880s. It was part of the Department of Police and was chaired by the Commissioner of Police.

What was the impact of the Aboriginal Protection Board?

The board utterly controlled the lives and affairs of Aboriginal people in NSW from 1883 until 1969. The impact of the policies of segregation, assimilation, child removal and wage withholding continued for decades and the negative results are still visible today.

When was the Aborigines Protection Act 1909 repealed?

The Aborigines Protection Act 1909 was repealed in 1969 by the Aborigines Act 1969; however the legacy of the legislation affected many Aboriginal families and members of the Stolen Generations in New South Wales. ^ NSW Government (20 December 1909). “Aborigines Protection Act 1909” (PDF).

What was the Aboriginal Protection and restriction of Opium Act?

The Aboriginal Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act (Qld) allows the Chief Protector to remove local Aboriginal people onto and between reserves and hold children in dormitories.

When did the policy of removal of Aboriginal children end?

By 1969, all states had repealed the legislation allowing for the removal of Aboriginal children under the policy of ‘protection’. In the following years, Aboriginal and Islander Child Care Agencies (“AICCAs”) are set up to contest removal applications and provide alternatives to the removal of Indigenous children from their families.

What did the federal government do for Aboriginal people?

It also purchased boats and fishing equipment for coastal Aboriginal people, and occasionally seed and farming equipment for those who lived on inland reserves. The Board was keen to support the creation of reserves, especially if there was the potential for agricultural production, which they saw as a civilising activity.