How did Khayelitsha develop?

How did Khayelitsha develop?

Khayelitsha was built under the principle of racial segregation executed by the government. Due to the immense influx of people, it is the second biggest Black township in South Africa after Soweto in Johannesburg. These fights caused more people to move to Khayelitsha.

What are the environmental issues in Khayelitsha?

The three main ways in which the built environment of Khayelitsha has a negative impact on NCDs (food, physical activity and depression/stress) are discussed below.

What is the main function of Khayelitsha?

Khayelitsha Clinics There are also numerous small municipal clinics throughout the township. These clinics play an important role as centres of primary healthcare by providing a variety of healthcare services to children, women and, youth and men’s health.

What type of settlement is Khayelitsha?

Greater Khayelitsha currently consists of a mix of formal and informal human settlements located within what are referred to as 4 main ‘villages” and, ten Wards, administered by Sub-council 9 under the Cape Metropolitan Municipality.

Why is Khayelitsha a slum?

Overcrowding has been another common problem in this ever-growing slum. Khayelitsha has a high population density and a low amount of resources to support the growing population. This, along with a lack of security makes theft and crime very easy.

What is the size of Soweto?

200 km²

What challenges are hindering development in Khayelitsha?

In Khayelitsha the prevailing interlocking challenges that necessitate an integrated and holistic intervention include but not limited to poverty, unemployment, inadequate infrastructure and lack of economic base.

What are the problems in Khayelitsha?

Khayelitsha remains a violent place. The murder rate is currently well above the national average of 31 murders per 100 000, people at between 76 and 108 per 100 000 at Khayelitsha’s different police stations. There are also high levels of fear of violence in all social spheres including many public spaces.

What led to the development of Soweto?

Soweto was created in the 1930s when the White government started separating Blacks from Whites, creating black “townships”. Soweto became the largest Black city in South Africa, but until 1976, its population could have status only as temporary residents, serving as a workforce for Johannesburg.

Why people move to Soweto?

The establishment of Soweto is, like Johannesburg, linked directly to the discovery of Gold in 1885. Thousands of people from around the world and South Africa flocked to the new town to seek their fortunes or to offer their labour.

Is Khayelitsha a slum?

Though Khayelitsha was originally an apartheid dumping ground, as part of the “Group Areas Act” it is now one of the largest and fastest growing slums in South Africa. Khayelitsha is home to around 2.4 million individuals, 50 percent of which are under the age of 19.

What are the social issues in Khayelitsha?

A large proportion of the population is unemployed, and the Khayelitsha area is characterised by a quadruple burden of disease which includes tuberculosis (TB), HIV, diabetes and hypertension. There is also a big problem with trauma, interpersonal violence and vehicle accidents.

What was the population of Khayelitsha in 2011?

Khayelitsha has a population of 391,749 (as of 2011) and runs for a number of kilometers along the N2. Current estimates of the population size is said to be in the region of 1,2 million. The ethnic makeup of Khayelitsha is approximately:

Why did the Enkanini community stop the ishack project?

Inside the community, a group of disgruntled shack-dwellers, an Enkanini informal settlement network, was advocating to stop the roll-out of the iShack project because they feared it would stall the installation of the power grid by the government.

Where is the Enkanini slum in South Africa?

Enkanini (which means ‘taken by force’) is an informal (slum) settlement that was formed in Stellenbosch, South Africa in 2006 when 47 families, who were renting in the existing Kayamandi settlement, broke through a fence and invaded the adjacent land, owned by the Stellenbosch Municipality.

Is the Enkanini community an organised or mobilised group?

Enkanini, however, cannot be defined as an organised or mobilised community with a history of working together, shared practices, rituals, actions and institutional co-operative arrangements. It is better understood as a spatial or administrative unit with key stakeholders being the residents (although not a unified group).